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New to the USA

Each year more then 60,000 hunters go afield hunting Javelina in Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas.  Approximately 25,000 Javelina are harvested each year.  Current United States Javelina population estimates exceed 250,000 animals, with Texas numbers hovering around 200,000 and Arizona Javelina population estimates near 45,000 animals. distribution 

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In the United States, Javelina are found in Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. Having evolved in the South American tropics.

Javelina are relative newcomers to North America. A careful review of Arizona archeological sites (between 300 B.C. to 1700 A.D) reveals no evidence of Javelina in cook fire bone fragments, pottery artwork, petroglyphs, lore or legend.  Spanish missionaries provided the first evidence of Javelina near present day Arizona in the mid 1750s when they wrote of  Indians using Javelina as a food source.  An "educated guess" would put Javelina first arriving in present-day Arizona in the mid-1700s. 

Texas archeological sites (between 300 B.C. to 1700 A.D) reveal evidence of Javelina (cook fire bone fragments) not showing up until the early 1600s A. D., with significant numbers not appearing until the 1700s.

Besides finding suitable habitat, the greatest limiting factor for Javelina expansion into new areas in Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and beyond, is climate.  Javelina have no under fur, so they cannot survive winter in a cold climate.

Note to readers. The Javelina University section was developed from information derived from over 20 different Javelina related informational sources. Please visit the References page.


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Last modified: Wednesday July 11, 2012.